СИСТЕМА ECD Intake/Exhaust System

CAUTION / NOTICE / HINT

Note:

After replacing the ECM, the new ECM needs registration (Click here) and initialization (Click hereНажмите здесь).

PROCEDURE

  1. TAKE SNAPSHOT DURING IDLING AND 4000 RPM (PROCEDURE 1)

    1. Connect the GTS to the DLC3.

    2. Start the engine and turn the GTS on.

    3. Enter the following menus: Powertrain / Engine and ECT / Data List / All Data.

    4. Take a snapshot of the Data List items.

      Tip:
      • A snapshot can be used to compare vehicle data from the time of the malfunction to normal data and is very useful for troubleshooting.

      • Check the Data List at idling and at 4000 rpm with no load after the engine is warmed up.

      Result
      Proceed to
      NEXT
    NEXT
  2. READ VALUE USING GTS (MAP AND MAF)

    1. Check MAP and MAF in the snapshot taken in procedure 1 when the engine was running at 4000 rpm with no load.

      Result
      Result Proceed to
      MAP is below 90 kPa*1 A
      MAP is 140 kPa or higher and MAF is 85 gm/sec or more*2 B
      Except above*3 C
      Tip:

      The above values were measured under standard atmospheric pressure. The value are influenced by elevation, weather conditions, etc.

      Standard atmospheric pressure is 101 kPa (1.0 kgf/cm2, 15 psi). For every 100 m (328 ft.) increase in elevation, pressure drops by 1 kPa (0.01 kgf/cm2, 0.1 psi). This varies by weather.

      *1: There may be a problem in the turbocharger system.

      *2: There may be a problem in the fuel system or intake system.

      *3: There may be a problem in intake system or a problem with the EGR valve (valve stuck open or valve does not close).

    B Нажмите здесь

    GO TO STEP 19


    C Нажмите здесь

    A
  3. READ VALUE USING GTS (MAP AND ATMOSPHERE PRESSURE)

    1. Connect the GTS to the DLC3.

    2. Start the engine and turn the GTS on.

    3. Enter the following menus: Powertrain / Engine and ECT / Data List / All Data / MAP and Atmosphere Pressure.

      Powertrain > Engine and ECT > Data List
      Tester Display
      Atmosphere Pressure
      MAP
    4. Compare MAP and Atmosphere Pressure when the ignition switch ON (do not start the engine).

      Standard
      Difference between MAP and Atmosphere Pressure is less than 8 kPa.
      Tip:
      • If MAP and Atmosphere Pressure have the same value, both are normal. If there is a difference of 10 kPa or higher, compare the values to the atmospheric pressure for that day. The sensor whose deviation is the greatest is malfunctioning.

      • Standard atmospheric pressure is 101 kPa (1.0 kgf/cm2, 15 psi). For every 100 m (328 ft.) increase in elevation, pressure drops by 1 kPa (0.01 kgf/cm2, 0.1 psi). This varies by weather.

      Result
      Result Proceed to
      MAP and Atmosphere Pressure have same value A
      MAP is different from actual atmospheric pressure B
      Atmosphere Pressure is different from actual atmospheric pressure C
    B Нажмите здесь

    C Нажмите здесь

    A
  4. CHECK INTAKE SYSTEM

    1. Check for air leaks and blockages between the air cleaner case sub-assembly and turbocharger sub-assembly, and between the turbocharger sub-assembly and intake manifold.

      Result
      Result Proceed to
      No leaks or blockages in the intake system A
      Leaks and/or blockages exist in the intake system B
      Tip:
      • Inspect the intake system, especially hoses and pipes between the air cleaner case sub-assembly and turbocharger sub-assembly.

      • Check for abnormal disconnections, pipe and hose squashing, and any damage in the intake system.

      • Using your hand, check whether the pipes and hoses in the intake system are securely connected.

      • By applying soapy water and revving up the engine, air leaks from the intake system can be checked by checking for bubbles.

      • Make sure that the hose between the manifold absolute pressure sensor and intake manifold is not loose or disconnected.

      • Check for any modifications in the intake system made by the user.

    B Нажмите здесь

    A
  5. INSPECT TURBOCHARGER SUB-ASSEMBLY

    1. Inspect the turbocharger sub-assembly.

      Click hereНажмите здесь

      Result
      Proceed to
      OK
      NG
    NG Нажмите здесь

    OK
  6. CHECK FOR INTERMITTENT PROBLEMS

    1. Check for intermittent problems.

      Click hereНажмите здесь

      Result
      Proceed to
      NEXT
    NEXT Нажмите здесь

    GO TO STEP 19


  7. REPLACE TURBOCHARGER SUB-ASSEMBLY

    1. Replace the turbocharger sub-assembly.

      Click hereНажмите здесь

      Result
      Proceed to
      NEXT
    NEXT Нажмите здесь

    GO TO STEP 19


  8. REPAIR OR REPLACE INTAKE SYSTEM

    1. Repair or replace the malfunctioning part in the intake system.

      Result
      Proceed to
      NEXT
    NEXT Нажмите здесь

    GO TO STEP 19


  9. REPLACE MANIFOLD ABSOLUTE PRESSURE SENSOR

    1. Replace the manifold absolute pressure sensor.

      Click hereНажмите здесь

      Result
      Proceed to
      NEXT
    NEXT Нажмите здесь

    GO TO STEP 19


  10. REPLACE ECM

    1. Replace the ECM.

      Click hereНажмите здесь

      Result
      Proceed to
      NEXT
    NEXT Нажмите здесь

    GO TO STEP 19


  11. CHECK INTAKE SYSTEM

    1. Check for air leaks and blockages between the air cleaner case sub-assembly and turbocharger sub-assembly, and between the turbocharger sub-assembly and intake manifold.

      Result
      Result Proceed to
      No leaks or blockages in the intake system A
      Leaks and/or blockages exist in the intake system B
      Tip:
      • Inspect the intake system, especially hoses and pipes between the air cleaner case sub-assembly and turbocharger sub-assembly.

      • Check for abnormal disconnections, pipe and hose squashing, and any damage in the intake system.

      • Using your hand, check whether the pipes and hoses in the intake system are securely connected.

      • By applying soapy water and revving up the engine, air leaks from the intake system can be checked by checking for bubbles.

      • Make sure that the hose between the manifold absolute pressure sensor and intake manifold is not loose or disconnected.

      • Check for any modifications in the intake system made by the user.

    B Нажмите здесь

    A
  12. PERFORM ACTIVE TEST USING GTS (ACTIVATE THE EGR VALVE CLOSE)

    1. Connect the GTS to the DLC3.

    2. Start the engine and warm it up, and make sure the A/C switch and all accessory switches are off.

    3. Turn the ignition switch off and wait for 30 seconds.

    4. Start the engine and turn the GTS on.

    5. Enter the following menus: Powertrain / Engine and ECT / Data List / All Data / MAF.

      Powertrain > Engine and ECT > Data List
      Tester Display
      MAF
    6. Read the MAF value displayed on the GTS while the engine is idling.

    7. Enter the following menus: Powertrain / Engine and ECT / Active Test / Activate the EGR Valve Close / All Data / MAF.

      Powertrain > Engine and ECT > Active Test
      Active Test Display
      Activate the EGR Valve Close
      Data List Display
      MAF
    8. Read the MAF value when the EGR valve is closed using the Active Test function.

      Tip:
      • If idling continues for 20 minutes or more, the EGR valve target opening angle becomes 0% (EGR valve fully closed). As this makes diagnosis impossible, it becomes necessary to drive the vehicle or restart the engine.

      • Before performing diagnosis, confirm that the EGR valve target opening angle is not 0%.

      • When "Coolant Temp" is 75°C (167°F) or higher during idle, the exhaust gas flows through the EGR pipe with cooler sub-assembly. If MAF does not change when the EGR is cut even though the EGR valve is operating normally, the EGR pipe with cooler sub-assembly may be clogged.

      • When idling while warming up the engine, the actuator operates and the EGR pipe with cooler sub-assembly is bypassed. However, if the connector of the No. 1 vacuum switching valve assembly (for EGR cooler) is disconnected, the EGR pipe with cooler sub-assembly is not bypassed and it is possible to check if the EGR pipe with cooler sub-assembly is clogged.

      Result
      GTS Display Result Proceed to

      Activate the EGR Valve Close:

      OFF (Open) to Close

      MAF value changes A
      MAF value does not change B
      Note:

      As the measured values may differ from those shown below due to factors such as differences in measuring environments and changes in vehicle condition due to aging, do not use these values to determine whether the vehicle is malfunctioning or not.

      Tip:

      The problem may be a temporary, due to the entry of deposits or foreign matter. Check that there are no deposits or foreign matter in the electric EGR control valve assembly or mass air flow meter assembly.

      Reference
      EGR Valve Condition (Opening) Measuring Condition MAF (Reference)
      Open (67%)
      • Atmosphere pressure: 101 kPa

      • Intake air temperature: 30°C (86°F)

      • Engine coolant temperature: 88°C (190°F)

      3 to 12 gm/sec
      Closed (0%) 7 gm/sec or more
    B Нажмите здесь

    A
  13. PERFORM ACTIVE TEST USING GTS (ACTIVATE THE VSV FOR EGR COOLER BYPASS)

    1. Connect the GTS to the DLC3.

    2. Start the engine and warm it up, and make sure the A/C switch and all accessory switches are off.

    3. Turn the ignition switch off and wait for 30 seconds.

    4. Start the engine and turn the GTS on.

    5. Enter the following menus: Powertrain / Engine and ECT / Data List / All Data / MAF.

      Powertrain > Engine and ECT > Data List
      Tester Display
      MAF
    6. Read the MAF value displayed on the GTS while the engine is idling.

    7. Enter the following menus: Powertrain / Engine and ECT / Active Test / Activate the VSV for EGR Cooler Bypass / All Data / EGR Cooler Bypass Position and MAF.

      Powertrain > Engine and ECT > Active Test
      Active Test Display
      Activate the VSV for EGR Cooler Bypass
      Data List Display
      MAF
      EGR Cooler Bypass Position
      Tip:

      Whether the EGR is passing through the bypass side or cooler side during the Active Test can be confirmed by checking EGR Cooler Bypass Position.

    8. Using the Active Test function, switch the No. 1 vacuum switching valve assembly (for EGR cooler) between "Cooler" and "Bypass" a few times, and then check whether the MAF value changes after switching the valve from "Cooler" to "Bypass".

      Tip:

      If idling continues for 20 minutes or more, the EGR valve target opening angle becomes 0% (EGR valve fully closed). As this makes diagnosis impossible, it becomes necessary to drive the vehicle or restart the engine.

      Result
      GTS Display Result Proceed to

      Activate the VSV for EGR Cooler Bypass:

      Cooler to Bypass

      MAF value does not change A
      MAF value changes B
      Tip:

      If the EGR pipe with cooler sub-assembly is clogged, the MAF value changes.

    A Нажмите здесь

    GO TO STEP 19


    B Нажмите здесь

    GO TO STEP 17


  14. READ VALUE USING GTS (MAF)

    1. Connect the GTS to the DLC3.

    2. Turn the ignition switch to ON and turn the GTS on.

    3. Enter the following menus: Powertrain / Engine and ECT / Data List / All Data / MAF.

      Powertrain > Engine and ECT > Data List
      Tester Display
      MAF
    4. With the ignition switch ON and engine stopped, read the value when 30 seconds has elapsed.

      Standard
      GTS Display Condition Standard
      MAF Ignition switch ON (do not start engine) 0.35 gm/sec or less
      Result
      Proceed to
      OK
      NG
    NG Нажмите здесь

    OK
  15. PERFORM ACTIVE TEST USING GTS (ACTIVATE THE VSV FOR EGR COOLER BYPASS)

    1. Connect the GTS to the DLC3.

    2. Start the engine and warm it up, and make sure the A/C switch and all accessory switches are off.

    3. Turn the ignition switch off and wait for 30 seconds.

    4. Start the engine and turn the GTS on.

    5. Enter the following menus: Powertrain / Engine and ECT / Data List / All Data / MAF.

      Powertrain > Engine and ECT > Data List
      Tester Display
      MAF
    6. Read the MAF value displayed on the GTS while the engine is idling.

    7. Enter the following menus: Powertrain / Engine and ECT / Active Test / Activate the VSV for EGR Cooler Bypass / All Data / EGR Cooler Bypass Position and MAF.

      Powertrain > Engine and ECT > Active Test
      Active Test Display
      Activate the VSV for EGR Cooler Bypass
      Data List Display
      MAF
      EGR Cooler Bypass Position
      Tip:

      Whether the EGR is passing through the bypass side or cooler side during the Active Test can be confirmed by checking EGR Cooler Bypass Position.

    8. Using the Active Test function, switch the No. 1 vacuum switching valve assembly (for EGR cooler) between "Cooler" and "Bypass" a few times, and then check whether the MAF value changes after switching the valve from "Cooler" to "Bypass".

      Tip:

      If idling continues for 20 minutes or more, the EGR valve target opening angle becomes 0% (EGR valve fully closed). As this makes diagnosis impossible, it becomes necessary to drive the vehicle or restart the engine.

      Result
      GTS Display Result Proceed to

      Activate the VSV for EGR Cooler Bypass:

      Cooler to Bypass

      MAF value does not change A
      MAF value changes B
      Tip:

      If the EGR pipe with cooler sub-assembly is clogged, the MAF value changes.

    B Нажмите здесь

    GO TO STEP 17


    A
  16. CHECK FOR DEPOSIT (ELECTRIC EGR CONTROL VALVE ASSEMBLY)

    1. Remove the electric EGR control valve assembly.

      Click hereНажмите здесь

    2. Visually check the electric EGR control valve assembly for deposits. If there are deposits, clean the electric EGR control valve assembly.

      Note:
      • When cleaning the electric EGR control valve assembly, make sure the valve is completely closed.

      • When cleaning the electric EGR control valve assembly, perform initialization procedure.

        Click hereНажмите здесь

      • Do not forcibly open the valve, as it may be damaged or deformed.

      • When cleaning the electric EGR control valve assembly, use a piece of cloth soaked with cleaning solvent. Spraying solvent directly onto these parts or soaking the parts in solvent may damage the parts.

      • When cleaning the electric EGR control valve assembly, care should be taken to prevent the ingress of cleaning solvent into the bearings of valve shaft, and when wiping off deposits on the electric EGR control valve assembly, care should be taken not to push the deposits into the bearings of valve shaft. These contaminants may adversely affect on the function of electric EGR control valve assembly.

      Tip:
      • If the EGR valve does not open properly or is stuck closed, the amount of intake air increases and combustion sounds and engine vibration may increase.

      • If the EGR valve does not close properly or is stuck open, the amount of recirculated exhaust gas becomes excessive and combustion becomes unstable. Also, there may be a lack of power.

      Result
      Proceed to
      NEXT
    NEXT
  17. REPLACE EGR PIPE WITH COOLER SUB-ASSEMBLY

    1. Replace the EGR pipe with cooler sub-assembly.

      Click hereНажмите здесь

      Result
      Proceed to
      NEXT
    NEXT Нажмите здесь

    GO TO STEP 19


  18. REPLACE MASS AIR FLOW METER ASSEMBLY

    1. Replace the mass air flow meter assembly.

      Click hereНажмите здесь

      Tip:

      If foreign matter is stuck inside the mass air flow meter assembly, the output characteristics of the mass air flow meter assembly may change, resulting in a malfunction.

      Result
      Proceed to
      NEXT
    NEXT
  19. CONFIRM WHETHER MALFUNCTION HAS BEEN SUCCESSFULLY REPAIRED

    Result
    Proceed to
    NEXT
    NEXT

    END


  20. REPAIR OR REPLACE INTAKE SYSTEM

    1. Repair or replace the malfunctioning part in the intake system.

      Result
      Proceed to
      NEXT
    NEXT Нажмите здесь

    GO TO STEP 19