СИСТЕМА ECD, Diagnostic DTC:P0400

DTC Code DTC Name
P0400 Exhaust Gas Recirculation Flow

DESCRIPTION

The EGR system recirculates exhaust gases. The recirculated gases mix with the intake air so that the EGR system can slow combustion speed and keep the combustion temperature down. This helps reduce NOx emissions.

In order to increase EGR circulation efficiency, the ECM adjusts the EGR valve angle and the throttle valve angle.

DTC No. Detection Item DTC Detection Condition Trouble Area MIL Memory
P0400 Exhaust Gas Recirculation Flow

Both of following conditions are met

(2 trip detection logic)

  • Vehicle being driven at a constant speed

  • The actual mass air flow rate output differs from the estimated mass air flow rate more than the threshold for 30 seconds.

  • EGR valve deposit

  • EGR valve passage deposit

  • EGR with cooler pipe assembly

  • Mass air flow meter

Comes on DTC stored
Table 1. DTC Detection Drive Pattern
DTC No. DTC Detection Drive Pattern
P0400 Vehicle being driven with at an engine of speed 1000 to 1800 rpm for 30 seconds
Table 2. Related Data List
DTC No. Data List
P0400
  • MAF

  • Target EGR Position

  • Actual EGR Valve Pos.

MONITOR DESCRIPTION

The ECM determines that the electric EGR control valve assembly is malfunctioning. The ECM then illuminates the MIL (2 trip detection logic).

A012FY5E02

CAUTION / NOTICE / HINT

Note:

When cleaning the electric EGR control valve assembly or diesel throttle body assembly, use a piece of cloth soaked with cleaning solvent. Spraying solvent directly onto these parts or soaking the parts in solvent may damage the parts.

Tip:

Read freeze frame data using the GTS. Freeze frame data records the engine condition when malfunctions are detected. When troubleshooting, freeze frame data can help determine if the vehicle was moving or stationary, if the engine was warmed up or not, and other data from the time the malfunction occurred.

PROCEDURE

  1. CHECK ANY OTHER DTCS OUTPUT (IN ADDITION TO DTC P0400)

    1. Connect the GTS to the DLC3.

    2. Turn the ignition switch to ON and turn the GTS on.

    3. Enter the following menus: Powertrain / Engine and ECT / Trouble Codes.

    4. Read the DTCs.

      Powertrain > Engine and ECT > Trouble Codes
      Result
      ResultProceed to
      DTC P0400 is outputA
      DTC P0400 and other DTCs are outputB
      Tip:

      If any DTCs other than P0400 are output, troubleshoot those DTCs first.

    B

    GO TO DTC CHART Click hereНажмите здесь


    A
  2. PERFORM ACTIVE TEST USING GTS (ACTIVATE THE EGR VALVE CLOSE)

    1. Connect the GTS to the DLC3.

    2. Start the engine and warm it up, and make sure the A/C switch and all accessory switches are off.

    3. Turn the ignition switch off. Wait for 30 seconds, and then restart the engine.

    4. Turn the GTS on.

    5. Enter the following menus: Powertrain / Engine and ECT / Data List / MAF.

      Powertrain > Engine and ECT > Data List
      Tester Display
      MAF
    6. Read the MAF value displayed on the GTS while the engine is idling.

    7. Enter the following menus: Powertrain / Engine and ECT / Active Test / Activate the EGR Valve Close / Data List / MAF.

      Powertrain > Engine and ECT > Active Test
      Active Test Display
      Activate the EGR Valve Close
      Data List Display
      MAF
    8. Read the MAF value when the EGR valve is close during the Active Test function.

      Tip:
      • If idling continues for 20 minutes or more, the EGR valve target opening angle becomes 0% (EGR valve fully closed). As this makes diagnosis impossible, it becomes necessary to drive the vehicle or to restart the engine.

      • Before performing diagnosis, confirm that the EGR valve target opening angle is not 0%.

      • When "Coolant Temp" is 75°C (167°F) or higher during idle, the exhaust gas flows through the EGR cooler. If MAF does not change when the EGR is cut even though the EGR valve is operating normally, the EGR cooler may be clogged.

      • When idling while warming up the engine, the actuator operates and the EGR cooler is bypassed. However, if the connector of the EGR cooler bypass valve VSV is disconnected, the EGR cooler is not bypassed and it is possible to check how clogged the EGR cooler is.

      Result
      GTS Display Result Proceed to

      Activate the EGR Valve Close:

      OFF to Close

      MAF value does not change A
      MAF value changes B
      Note:

      As the measured values may differ from those shown below due to factors such as differences in measuring environments and changes in vehicle condition due to aging, do not use these values to determine whether the vehicle is malfunctioning or not.

      Tip:

      The problem may be a temporary, due to the entry of deposits or foreign matter. Check that there are no deposits or foreign matter in the electric EGR control valve assembly or mass air flow meter.

      Table 3. Standard
      EGR Valve Condition (Opening) Measuring Condition MAF
      OFF (Open) (56%)
      • Atmosphere pressure: 101 kPa

      • Intake air temperature: 30°C (86°F)

      • Engine coolant temperature: 88°C (190°F)

      3.5 to 7 gm/sec
      Close (Closed) (0%) 8 to 12 gm/sec
    B Нажмите здесь

    A
  3. INSPECT MASS AIR FLOW METER

    1. Perform the mass air flow meter On-vehicle Inspection.

      Click hereНажмите здесь

      Result
      Proceed to
      OK
      NG
    NG Нажмите здесь

    OK
  4. PERFORM ACTIVE TEST USING GTS (ACTIVATE THE VSV FOR EGR COOLER BYPASS)

    1. Connect the GTS to the DLC3.

    2. Start the engine and warm it up, and make sure the A/C switch and all accessory switches are off.

    3. Turn the ignition switch to ON and wait for 30 seconds.

    4. Start the engine and turn the GTS on.

    5. Enter the following menus: Powertrain / Engine and ECT / Data List / MAF.

      Powertrain > Engine and ECT > Data List
      Tester Display
      MAF
    6. Read the MAF value displayed on the GTS while the engine is idling.

    7. Enter the following menus: Powertrain / Engine and ECT / Active Test / Activate the VSV for EGR Cooler Bypass / Data List / MAF and EGR Cooler Bypass Position.

      Powertrain > Engine and ECT > Active Test
      Active Test Display
      Activate the VSV for EGR Cooler Bypass
      Data List Display
      MAF
      EGR Cooler Bypass Position
      Tip:

      Whether the EGR is passing through the bypass side or cooler side during the Active Test can be confirmed by checking EGR Cooler Bypass Position.

    8. Using the Active Test function, switch the EGR cooler bypass valve VSV between "Cooler" and "Bypass" a few times, and then check whether the MAF value changes after switching the valve from "Cooler" to "Bypass".

      Tip:

      If idling continues for 20 minutes or more, the EGR valve target opening angle becomes 0% (EGR valve fully closed). As this makes diagnosis impossible, it becomes necessary to drive the vehicle or restart the engine.

      Result
      GTS Display Result Proceed to

      Activate the VSV for EGR Cooler Bypass:

      Cooler to Bypass

      MAF value does not change A
      MAF value changes B
      Tip:

      If the EGR cooler is clogged, the MAF valve flow changes.

    B Нажмите здесь

    GO TO STEP 6


    A
  5. CHECK FOR DEPOSIT (ELECTRIC EGR CONTROL VALVE ASSEMBLY)

    1. Remove the electric EGR control valve assembly.

      Click hereНажмите здесь

    2. Visually check the electric EGR control valve assembly for deposits. If there are deposits, clean the electric EGR control valve assembly.

      Note:
      • When cleaning the electric EGR control valve assembly, make sure the valve is completely closed.

      • Do not forcibly open the valve, as it may be damaged or deformed.

      • When cleaning the electric EGR control valve assembly, use a piece of cloth soaked with cleaning solvent. Spraying solvent directly onto these parts or soaking the parts in solvent may damage the parts.

      Tip:
      • If the EGR valve does not open properly or is stuck closed, the amount of intake air increases and combustion sound and engine vibration may increase.

      • If the EGR valve does not close properly or is stuck open, the amount of recirculated exhaust gas becomes excessive and combustion becomes unstable. Also, there may be a lack of power.

      Result
      Proceed to
      NEXT
    NEXT
  6. REPLACE EGR WITH COOLER PIPE SUB-ASSEMBLY

    1. Replace the EGR with cooler pipe sub-assembly.

      Click hereНажмите здесь

      Result
      Proceed to
      NEXT
    NEXT
  7. CHECK WHETHER DTC OUTPUT RECURS (DTC P0400)

    1. Connect the GTS to the DLC3.

    2. Turn the ignition switch to ON and turn the GTS on.

    3. Clear the DTCs.

      Powertrain > Engine and ECT > Clear DTCs
    4. Turn the ignition switch off for 30 seconds or more.

    5. Start the engine and warm it up.

    6. Drive the vehicle maintaining an engine speed 1000 to 1800 rpm for 30 seconds or more.

      ОСТОРОЖНО

      When performing the confirmation driving pattern, obey all speed limits and traffic laws.

    7. Enter the following menus: Powertrain / Engine and ECT / Trouble Codes / Pending.

    8. Read the pending DTCs.

      Powertrain > Engine and ECT > Trouble Codes
      Tip:

      When a DTC is output, the mass air flow meter may be malfunctioning.

      Result
      Proceed to
      NEXT
    NEXT

    END


  8. REPLACE MASS AIR FLOW METER

    1. Replace the mass air flow meter.

      Click hereНажмите здесь

      Result
      Proceed to
      NEXT
    NEXT Нажмите здесь

    GO TO STEP 7


  9. PERFORM ACTIVE TEST USING GTS (ACTIVATE THE VSV FOR EGR COOLER BYPASS)

    1. Connect the GTS to the DLC3.

    2. Start the engine and warm it up, and make sure the A/C switch and all accessory switches are off.

    3. Turn the ignition switch to ON and wait for 30 seconds.

    4. Start the engine and turn the GTS on.

    5. Enter the following menus: Powertrain / Engine and ECT / Data List / MAF.

      Powertrain > Engine and ECT > Data List
      Tester Display
      MAF
    6. Read the MAF value displayed on the GTS while the engine is idling.

    7. Enter the following menus: Powertrain / Engine and ECT / Active Test / Activate the VSV for EGR Cooler Bypass / Data List / MAF and EGR Cooler Bypass Position.

      Powertrain > Engine and ECT > Active Test
      Active Test Display
      Activate the VSV for EGR Cooler Bypass
      Data List Display
      MAF
      EGR Cooler Bypass Position
      Tip:

      Whether the EGR is passing through the bypass side or cooler side during the Active Test can be confirmed by checking EGR Cooler Bypass Position.

    8. Using the Active Test function, switch the EGR cooler bypass valve VSV between "Cooler" and "Bypass" a few times, and then check whether the MAF value changes after switching the valve from "Cooler" to "Bypass".

      Tip:

      If idling continues for 20 minutes or more, the EGR valve target opening angle becomes 0% (EGR valve fully closed). As this makes diagnosis impossible, it becomes necessary to drive the vehicle or restart the engine.

      Result
      GTS Display Result Proceed to

      Activate the EGR Cooler Bypass:

      Cooler to Bypass

      MAF value does not change A
      MAF value changes B
      Tip:

      If the EGR cooler is clogged, the MAF value changes.

    B Нажмите здесь

    GO TO STEP 6


    A
  10. CHECK WHETHER DTC OUTPUT RECURS (DTC P0400)

    1. Connect the GTS to the DLC3.

    2. Turn the ignition switch to ON and turn the GTS on.

    3. Clear the DTCs.

      Powertrain > Engine and ECT > Clear DTCs
    4. Turn the ignition switch off for 30 seconds or more.

    5. Start the engine and warm it up.

    6. Drive the vehicle maintaining on engine speed 1000 to 1800 rpm for 30 seconds or more.

      ОСТОРОЖНО

      When performing the confirmation driving pattern, obey all speed limits and traffic laws.

    7. Enter the following menus: Powertrain / Engine and ECT / Trouble Codes / Pending.

    8. Read the pending DTCs.

      Powertrain > Engine and ECT > Trouble Codes
      Tip:

      When a DTC is output, the mass air flow meter may be malfunctioning.

      Result
      Proceed to
      NEXT
    NEXT

    END